Network Operations

Information Query

traceroute (Trace packets route)

  • Default and simple

    traceroute/tracert <IP | FQDN>
    
  • Specify max number of hops

    traceroute -m <int> <IP | FQDN>
    
  • Example

    traceroute -m 42069 google.com
    

dig (DNS lookup)

dig <IP | FQDN>

nslookup (Nameserver lookup)

Most effective when used to look into a certain web address, e.g. google.com, rather than an IP address.

nslookup <FQDN | IP>

ip/ipconfig/ifconfig

  • List interfaces

    ipconfig getiflist
    
  • Get IP address of the Mac machine on LAN

    ipconfig getifaddr en0
    
  • Summary of the interface

    ipconfig getsummary en0